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Dhammasangani

Enumerations of the Ultimate Realities
Trans. Khine; Page 3

III)  Division of Summarized Analytical Statements
(Nikkhepa Kanda)

according to the introduction, this is a summary of the first two sections, almost a commentary to them.  An aide in understanding, etc.  We shall see....

Analytical Exposition of the Triads

  • three roots of meritorious dhamma:  absence of greed, hate and bewilderment (delusion) [alobha, adosa, amoha]
  • three roots of demeritorious dhamma:  [lobha, dosa, moha] the [asavas]
  • mind arises with sensuous sphere all delightful satisfactions
  • Questions run thus:
    • what are meritorious dhamma/demeritorious/neither
    • what are dhamma associated with pleasant/unpleasant/neither sensation
    • which dhamma are resultants/are not/neither, etc.
  • These questions are the basis for the Matrix.  See Nyantiloka; Guide thru the Abhidhamma Pitaka.
  • In each case the question is phrased, then answered with a list of states which fit that category.  The mental states in each case har highly repetitive and follow from what has already been given.  This section is just a reordering of the same information, as if to answer "all possible questions" which might arise.
  • e.g. 16. Maggarammana Tika (see matrix)
    "1038.  What are the dhamma which have magga as the object?
    "There are mind and mental concomitants that arise with the Ariya Path as their object. 
    "These are the dhamma which have magga as the object."
    "1039.  What are the dhamma which have magga as root causes?
    "Leaving aside the eight constituents of the Ariya path of one who has attained ariya magga, there are the aggregate of Sensation ...p... the aggregate of Consciousness that are associated with the eight constituents of the Ariya Path.
    "These are the dhamma which have magga as root cause and are associated with the eight constituents of the Ariya Path.... Right view... absense of asavas..."
    "1040.  What are the Dhamma which have magga as the predominent factor?
    " There are mind and mental concomitants which arise with the Ariya magga as predominent factor.
    "These are the dhamma...
    "Leaving aside the predominating investigative knowlege of one who has cultivated that knowlege and has attained Ariya Magga, there are the aggregates of Sensations...p... Aggregates of Consciousness which are associated with the investigative knowlege.
    These are the dhamma which have magga as predominant factor."(551)

Analytical exposition of the Dyads

  • likewise, follows the Matrix...
  • principly the defining of terms here. 
  • e.g. Of those, what is greed?  There are: attachment, strong attachment, fawning, compliance, delight, intense delight, strong attachment of mind, longing, infatuation, being completely overwhelmed by greed, greed, wanting everything, clinging, the mire of desire, seduction (toward future lives), wile, leading beings to ills and sufferings of existences, causing beings to arise in the round of rebirths, binding beings to successive existences, net of sensual objects...a jungle, a thick jungle, intimate relationship, lust, favourable regard, entanglements in various sense objects."  (561)
  • theory of cause and effect [paticcasamuppada]
  • Somewhere I read that the Abhidhamma attempts at an exhaustive treatment of the consciousness... they certainly seem to be doing that...
  • conceit is defined as "I am superior" "I am equal" and "I am inferior" as well as standard "conceit" i.e. haughtiness, thinking highly of oneself...
  • Interesting:
    1240. What is  wrong view?
    There is the wrong view that the world is eternal, or that the world is not eternal, or that 'the world is finite', or that 'the world is infinite', or that 'the soul is one thing, the body another', or that 'the soul is the same as the body', or that 'a sentient being exists after death' or that 'the sentient being does not exist after death', or that 'a sentient being neither exists nor does not exist after death." (637)
  • restlessness [unddhacca]
  • Woah... Things change all the sudden at line 1257. Which are defilements which are also associated with defilements?
    "Greed is itself a defilement, and because of the defilement of bewilderment it is also associated with a defilement.  Bewilderment is itself a defilement, and because of the defilement of greed it is also also associated with a defilement.

    Hatred is itself a defilement, and because of the defilement of Bewilderment it is also associated with a defilement.  Bewilderment is itself a defilement, and because of the defilement of hatred it is also associated with a defilement."
  • etc. for:
    • greed
    • hatred
    • conceit
    • wrong view
    • uncertainty
    • sloth
    • restlessness
    • not being ashamed (to do evil)
    • not to be afraid (...)
  • The terms are each paired in turn... (642-648)
  • it is a wrong view to think that one can attain purity outside of these teachings, i.e. by morality alone.

Analytical Exposition of Dyads Pertaining to the Suttanta

  • "1303.  What are the dhamma which accompany Wisdom?
    "There are the dhamma which are associates of eight kinds of Wisdom:
    1. Vipassana Nana -- insight-knowlege (that's 'N~' 'a-' na)
    2. Manomayiddhi ... -- power of creation by mind
    3. Iddhivida ... -- Psychic power
    4. Dibbasota ... -- Divine power of hearing
    5. Cetopariya ... -- Knowlege of other people's minds.
    6. Pubbenivasanussati ... -- Knowlege of past existences
    7. Dibbacakku ... -- Divine power of sight
    8. Asavakkhaya ... -- Knowlege of the extinction of Moral intoxicants
  • Rules of the Sangha enter in all the sudden!
  • There's entirely new lists of terminology and formulae in this section that I haven't seen anywhere else in the Abhidhamma so far.   It seems as if Suttanta and Abhidhamma represent two different conceptual systems, even though the former is based on the latter!  That would mean that the Abhidhamma is truly a reductive system.  The hinge, then, rests in which terms are excluded, which notions are dropped.  what is left out of the Abhidhamma from the Suttanta

Here ends the Nikkhepa Kanda

Division 4
Division of Additional Elucidations

Elucidation of the Meanings of the Categories in the Triads

  • "The four Ariya Paths do not have the Path as their object, but have the Path as the root cause; they are sometimes predominated by the Path.  They should not be taken as dhamma which are sometimes predominated by the Path." (713)
  • "1436.  What are the dhamma which have objects of thought that arise internally?
    "There are: 3 Jhana thoughts of Infinity of Consciousness, 3 jhana thoughts of neither-consciousness-nor-nonconsciousness. 
    The are the dhamma which have objects of thought that arise internally."
    "1437.  What are the dhamma which have objects of thought which arise externally?
    "Thre are: meritorious thoughts, resultants, and non-causitive action pertaining to the three jhanas or the four jhanas of the Fine Material Sphere; resultant of the Fourth Jhana (of the F.M.S.) 3 jhana thoughts of Infinity of Space; the four Ariya Paths which are Supramundane; and also the four Fruits of the life of a samana.
    These are the dhamma which have objects of thought that arise externally." (717-8)
  • "1453. "What are the dhamma which are due to causes? (1455. ...conditioned?)

    "There are 21 meritorious thoughts of the four spheres; 12 demeritorious thoughts; 36 resultants of the four spheres; 20 types of non-causitive action, which are neither meritorious nor demeritorious, of the three spheres; there is also all that is corporeality.

    1454.  What are dhamma which are not due to causes? (1456. ...unconditioned?)

    "Their is Nibbana" (725-6)
  • "1457. What are the dhamma which are visible?
    "There is visible object which causes the arising of Eye-Consciousness...
    "1458.  What are the dhamma which are not visible?
    "There are: Eye-sensitivity which is the sense-base of eye consciousness ...p... tangible object which causes the arising of body-consciousness; 21 meritorious thoughts of the four spheres; meritorious thoughts; resultants of the four spheres; 20 types of non-causative action which are neither-meritorious-nor-demeritorious of the three spheres; there is also Corporeality which is not visible, which is without impingement and which is included in the arising of Mind-Consciousness; and there is also Nibbana.  These are the dhamma which are not visible."
  • [It makes sense to take each question-and-answer as the exhaustive definition of the subject.   When the Abhidhammists make these statements they seem to be affiriming that they allow for no alternatives; in the above example, what is visible is only visible objects insofar as they are the arising of eye-consciousness, which itself rests on the eye base, which is the physical organ of the eye.  Therefore the eye is the exclusive and incontestible source of the visible.   Not very profound.  Until you consider its corelary in the next paragraph.  As none of these Dhammas can enter through the eye-door, there is no possibility of "seeing" them.  By extention, they are not even subject for the mind-door.  For if they enter through the mind-door, then they presuppose the base of the mind door, and therefore cannot be that base.  Therefore they cannot be apprehended by thought.  One cannot "know" the sense-base of eye consciousness with the eye.  The eye cannot see itself, in other words.  likewise, you cannot "see" the tangibility of matter, nor see its smell or sound.  You cannot see non-causitive action either; nor can you see nibhana
  • "1477.  What are the dhamma which are fetters?
    "the ten fetters:
    1. Kammaraga Sannojana -- fetter of attachment to sense pleasure
    2. Patigha Sannojana -- fetter of ill will
    3. Mana Sannojana -- fetter of conceit
    4. Ditthi Sannojana -- fetter of wrong view
    5. Vicikiccha Sannojana -- fetter of uncertainty
    6. Silabataparamasa Sannojana -- fetter of wrong view in the practice of morality
    7. Bhavaraga Sannojana -- fetter of craving for a better existence
    8. Issa sannojana, fetter of jealousy
    9. Macachariya Sannojana-- fetter of meanness and stinginess
    10. Avijja Aannojana -- fetter of ignorance
  • "1489. What are the dhamma which are bonds?
    1. There is the bond of covetousness which binds all mental phenomena (to samsara)
    2. ... bond of ill will...
    3. ...bond of wrong viow of the practice of morality
    4. the bond of firmly holding a wrong view as 'only this is true'...
  • ...objects of fetters/bonds.../...not...
  • ... associated with fetters/bonds.../...not...
  • ...not associated and are object.../...not objects...
  • asavas = whirlpools = yokes (yoga?)

Citta Duka

  • "1527. What are the dhamma which are mind?
    "There are:
    1. eye-consciousness
    2. ear-consciousness
    3. nose-consciousness
    4. tongue-consciousness
    5. body-consciousness
    6. Mind-element
    7. Mind-consciousness-element
      These are the dhamma which are mi
  • 1528. What are the dhamma which are not mind?
    There are:
    1. aggregate of Sensation
    2. aggregate of Perception
    3. aggregate of Volitional Activites
    4. there is also corporeality
    5. and there is also Nibbana
  • 1529. What ... are mental-concomitants?
    there are:
    1. aggregate of Sensation
    2. aggregate of Perception
    3. aggregate of Volitional Activites
  • 1530. What ... are not mental-concomitants?
    1. Mind
    2. Coporeality
    3. Nibbana
  • ...lots more along this vein...
  • ...then a series on "clinging"
  • ...defilements...
  • then what are eliminated by sotapattimagga, the thee higher maggas, sustained application of the mind...

The End

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