- Chinese Empress Wu Zetien (624-705) Learned there was a longer
version of the Avatamsaka Sutra (Flower Adornment S.). A Khotanese
translator Master Shikshananda procured it.
- On his way out the door, he said, by the way...
- Brought out the "Past Vows of Earth Store Bodhisattva"
and the tradition surrounding Jizo Buddha.
- Kshitigarba in Sanskrit (for Earth Store or Earth Treasury),
Jizo in Japanese, Ti-tsang in Chinese.
- His two unforgetable vows:
- "only after the Hells are empty will I become a Buddha"
- "Only after all beings are taken across to Enlightenment
will I myself realize Bodhi."
- "I had always thought, no more books. Bookstores are
already full of Buddhist books; there are too many words already,
like muddy boot prints all over the simple truth of the Dhamma."
- Jizo has both male and female aspects...
- "In 1993 thirty-two child-abuse deaths occurred in Oregon.
I had known most of these Children I had examined their limp
pale bodies in the pediatric intensive care unit. I had gently
run my fingers through downy soft hair, turned back ear folds, opened
unresisting mouths and eyelids, looking for subtle bruises.
I had turned their bodies over, careful not to pull out tubes that
pumped air into thier lungs and infused intravenous fluid into their
veins. I had talked as gently as I could to frightened and aggressive
parents, parents whom I knew had smashed, shaken, and beaten these
infants, and also to the nurses who were angry with these parents.
When the nurses were busy and no one was looking, I held each baby's
hand for a moment to pray for its transition out of suffering and
into peace." (xxvi)
- Kyoto; Nail-Pulling Jizo; Kugi-Nuki temple.
- two images. One used to be red laquered, which is worn
away; it originally was Bodhisattva Pindola
- "In Japan, Jizo Bodhisattva is like a comfortable, country
style general practicioner.
- Shinto presents the 'Kami' or spirits whom one petitions from a
perspective of animism. No statues, just phalic stone rods, and female
- Chinese culture was brought to a largely primative society in Japan
circa 500 AD. No money, cities, schools, written language, etc...
- The oldest Jizo dates from 557.
- Chinese conception of Jizo was to ward off death. Japanese
adapted him to appeal to more mundane matters.
- Jizo Bodhisattva was adopted by Shinto, as well as all sects of
- [what is Jodo buddhism?]
- Shinran said that Jizo's mercy was universal and not dependant on
the sinner's readiness, prior spiritual practice, or even upon prior
belief in Jizo.
- hmm... Prince Shotoku was trained by Korean monks; he instructed
ministers to "pray to the Kami in order to maintain the natural
order of the world." (26)
- Gyogi Bosatsu (670-749) - charismatic teacher, credited with the
first map of Japan, and the first census. many public works
projects, mobilizing believers to build a major road, six bridges,
three aqueducts, fifteen resevoirs, fortynine chapels and nine charity
- Shrine of the sun goddess in Ise existed at this time. Gyogi
mitigated conflict between shinto and upstart new religion.
The Emperor proclaimed the Sun and Buddha were the same...
[?] and they all lived happily ever after...
- Shingon practices with two primary mandala. Vajradhatu (diamond
realm) and garbhadhatu (womb). Jizo is in both mandala.
- The "Six Jizo" or "Roku Jizo" are often found
at the entrance to cemetaries; likely came from China and the Sutra
of the Ten Kings which describes six Ti-tsang.
- Koretaka in the tenth century, died, in death saw six jizo, explained
that they manifested in 100,000 according to the needs of people.
He came back to life and built a temple with six Jizo as they occurred
to him in the dream. In the 12th century Roku Jizo were
placed at the six entry roads to Kyoto.
- Here's a list of Jizos...
- Aburakake Jizo - jizo that worshipers paint with oil
- Amagoi Jizo - asks the sky for rain
- Ashi-arai Jizo - washes his feet after helping peasants in the
- Atago Jizo - a warrior Jizo on horseback who rescues warriors
in difficulty and puts enemies to flight.
- Doro-ashi Jizo - Jizo who gets his feet muddy helping in the
- Emmei Jizo - the Jizo who prolongs life and provides many benefits
including watching over children, curing illnesses, preventing
accidents, and granting success in business or school (also Enmei)
- Hanatori Jizo - Leads horses or cattle
- Hara obi Jizo - stomach wrapper Jizo who protects women during
- Hikeshi Jizo - protects houses and harvests from fire
- Hoshu Jizo - jewel-holding jizo
- Hoshu Shaku Jizo - jewel and staff holding jizo
- Hoyake Jizo - Jizo who burned his cheeks rescuing someone from
- Indo Jizo - saves humans after death and leads them to enlightenment
- Kara Te Jizo - empty-handed Jizo
- Kosazuke Jizo - child-granting Jizo
- Kosodate Jizo - Helps with child rearing
- Koyasu Jizo - easy childbirth Jizo
- Kugi Nuki Jizo - pulls out pain (nail pulling J.)
- Meyame jizo - restores eyesight
- Migawari Jizo - surrogate, or body exchanging Jizo who helps
peasants in their work, or substitutes for someone in danger.
- Miwari Jizo - protects villiages
- Mizuhiki Jizo - brings water to the rice paddies
- Mizuko Jizo - water-child Jizo who protects children, also aborted
and miscarried fetuses. Most popular in Japan, has two children
tugging at his robes, and/or an infant in his arms, etc.
- Neko Jizo - cat Jizo
- Nuri Kobe Jizo - cures dental problems
- Omukai jizo - Greets you upon death, takes you to Amida's heaven.
- Otsukiyare Jizo - inspired oracle Jizo to whom questions are
- Roku Jizo - the six, one for each realm of existence; groups
of six holding: incense burner, a mallah, a pearl, a six-ringed
staff, a flower basket, a jeweled banner.
- Sentai Jizo - one-thousand bodies of Jizo
- Tachiyama Jizo - a Jizo who takes the place of a woman devotee
so she can rest once a month.
- Tagenuki Jizo - removes splinters or thorns
- Tai-San Jizo - prosperous-birth Jizo
- Taue Jizo - helps farmers plant rice
- Toge Nuki Jizo - pulls out thorns
- Tsunbo Jizo - deaf Jizo to whom letters must be written
- Yume Jizo - dream or sleep Jizo
- In 1960 two in three pregnacies ended in abortion. In 1989,
1 in 3.
- Mizuko Jizo rites appeared in post-war japan to address this.
- 42 percent of temples perform the ceremony,
- Renzai is least likely to perform it; 4 percent reported practicing
this. Jodo Shinshu formally prohibited it (by faith alone they
teach, not by rite.)