word def etymology/origin src
exegesis [,eksә'jēsәs] exposition, explanation; esp: critical interpretation of a text or portion of Scripture Gk: exegēsēs - to explain or interpret W
hermeneutics The study of the methodological principles of interpretation and explanation. Gk:  hermeneutikos: to interpret, translate.  Specif: the study of the general principles of biblical interpretation W
linguistics the study of human speech in its various aspects (as the units, nature, structure, and modification of language, languages, or a language including esp. such factors as phonetics, phonology, morphology, accent, syntax, semantics, general or philosophical grammar, and the relation between writing and speech). W
Phenomenology 1. branch of science dealing with classifcation of phenomena 2. a)Kantianism: a division of metaphysics that treats motion and rest as predictibles of things. b) Hegelianism: a doctrine of the growth of science or knowledge: the progress of mind from the lowest to the highest stages. c)  W
philologaster /philologastry an incompatent philologer, a dabbler in philology  W
philology (lit: love of talk speech or argument)  1. a study of literature that may include grammar, criticism, literary or language history, systems of writing or anything else that is relevant to studying literature or language. 2. a) LINGUISTICS, esp. historical or comparative linguistics b) the study of human speech as the vehicle of literature and as a field of study that sheds light on human history. Gk: philologia: love of argument, learning, literature W
semiotics a general philosophical theory of signs that deals especially with their function in both artificially constructed and natural language and comprises the three branches of syntactics, semantics, and pragmatics Gk: semeiotikos: to note or interpret signs W
teras, pl. terata …an organism (as a fetus) that is grossly abnormal in structure due to genetic or developmental causes: a monster.   
teratism (teratogenesis, teratogenetic, teratoid) 1) anomaly of organic form and structure: monstrosity. 2) Love of the marvelous : worship of monsters. <man's pathetic struggle up from teratism through animism and taboo and magic to the present day. --Saturday review>   
teratological relating to abnormality of organic growth or structure. <~ specimine> : Belonging to teratology.  
teratology 1) fantastic mythmaking or storytelling in which prodigies and monsters play a large part.  2) the study of malformations, monstrosities or serious deviations from the normal type in growing organisms.:  study of the nature and origin of terata.  
src key: W=Webster's Third New International Dictionary, unabridged, 1986.