Research Home

Guide through the Abhidhamma-Pitaka

The Matrix (Matika):
The schedule of the Abhidham Pamitaka

The following list precedes all editions of the Dhammasangani not as an outline of that text per se, but as a classifying schedule for the entire work. The Abhidhamma Matrix has 22 triads and 100 diads, groups of three and two respectively. Each may be thought of as a complete structural universe independant of the other, but a reality viewed from a different angle. The Suttanta Matrix my be thought of as an appendix, and is not used in the Abhidhamma proper. Practically speaking all the terms herein can be traced to the Sutta Pitaka, chiefly the Sangiti Sutta, and the Anguttara Nikaya.

  • "The final purpose here is a practical one: to help in the realization of liberation through insight. The Abhidhamma serves that purpose by (1) breaking up the seeming unity or compactness of things and persons by analysis; and (2) by breaking into the intimidating "hardness of objective facts," showing their dependant origination and their complex inter-relatedness. Thus these "hard facts" of the inner and outer world are demonstrated to be accessible to the transforming power of a mind developed by virtue, meditation, and insight." (5)

[following is reprinted without permission: ©Nyanatiloka, 1957]

A. The Abhidhamma Matrix

I. The matrix of the triads

groups marked with an asterisk have a limitied range (sappadesa); all other are of an "unlimited range" (nippadessa).

  1. States that are karmically wholesome--unwholesome--neutral
  2. States that are associated with pleasant--painful--indifferent feeling
  3. States that are karma-results--subject to Karma-results--neither karma-results nor subject thereto.
  4. States that are karmically acquired, but subject to clinging--not karmically acquired but subject to clinging--neither karmically acquired nor subj. to clinging
  5. States that are defiled and subject to defilements--undefiled but subject to defilement--neither defiled nor subject to defilements
  6. * States with thought-conception and discursive thinking--without thought-conception, but with discursive thinking--without either.
  7. * States accompanied by rapture--by joy--by equinimity
  8. States to be abandoned by understanding--my mental development--by neither
  9. States having roots to be abandoned by understanding--by mental development--by neither
  10. States leading to karma increase--to decrease--to neither
  11. States pertaining to one in higher training--to one of completed training--one who is neither in higher training nor has completed it.
  12. States that are limited--medium--superior
  13. * States that have limited objects--exalted objects--immeasurable objects
  14. States that are inferior--medium--superior
  15. States with certainty of wrongness (in result)--with certainty of rightness (in result)--with neither
  16. * States that have the path as object--as root--as predominant factor
  17. * States that are arisen--not arisen--bound to arrise
  18. * States that are past--future--present
  19. * States having a past object--a future object--a present object
  20. States that are internal--external--both
  21. * States having internal objects--external objects--both internal and external objects
  22. States that are visible and resistant--invisible and resistant--invisible and non-resistant

II. The Matrix of the Dyads

Section on Roots

  1. States that are roots--not roots
  2. States that have roots--that have no roots
  3. States that are associated with roots--dissociated from roots
  4. * States that are roots and have *other) roots--that are roots but have no (other) roots
  5. * States that are roots and are associated with roots--that are not roots, but are associated with roots
  6. * States, however, that are not roots, may either have roots or not

    Minor Intermediate Section

  7. States that are conditioned--unconditioned
  8. States that are formed--unformed
  9. States that are visible--invisible
  10. States that are resistant--non-resistant
  11. States that are corporeal--uncorporeal
  12. States that are mundane--supramundane
  13. States that are cognizable by a certain one (of the six kinds of consciousness)--not cognizable by a certain one (of the six types of consciousness)

    Section on Biases

  14. States that are biases--not biases
  15. States that are subject to biases--not subject to biases
  16. States that are associated with Biases--dissociated from biases
  17. * States that are biases and subject to them--that are not biases, but subject to them
  18. * States that are biases and associated with biases--that are not biases but associated with biases
  19. * States, however, that are dissociated from biases, may be either subject to biases or not

    Section on Fetters

  20. States that are fetters--not fetters
  21. States that are subject to fetters--not subject to fetters
  22. States that are associated with fetters--dissociated from fetters
  23. * States that are fetters and subject to them--that are not fetters, but subject to them
  24. * States that are fetters and associated with fetters--that are not fetters, but associated with fetters
  25. * States, however, that are dissociated from fetters, may be either subject to fetters or not.

    Section on Ties

    26. States that are ties--not ties
    27-31. (corresponds to 15-19)

    Section on Floods

    32. States that are floods--are not floods
    33-37. (corresponds to 15-19)

    Section on Yokes

    38. States that are yokes--are not yokes
    39-43. (corresponds to 15-19)

    Section on Misapprehensions

  1. States that are misapprehensions--not misapprehensions
  2. States that are subject to misapprehensions--not subject to misapprehensions
  3. States that are associated with misapprehensions--dissociated from misapprehensions
  4. * States that are misapprehensions, but subject to them
  5. * States, however, that are dissociated from misapprehensions, may be either subject to misapprehensions or not.

    Major Intermediate Section

  6. States that take objects--that do not
  7. States that are consciousness--that are not
  8. states that are mental consciousness--that are not
  9. * States that are associated with consciousness--that are not
  10. * States that are conjoined with consciousness--disjoined from it
  11. States that are produced by consciousness--that are not
  12. States that are co-existent with consciousness--that are not
  13. States that are parallel with consciousness--that are not
  14. States that are conjoined with consciousness, produced by it--that are not
  15. States that are conjoined with Consciousness, produced by it, and coexistent with it--that are not
  16. States that are conjoined with Consciousness, produced by it, and parallel with it [--that are not?]
  17. States that are internal--external
  18. States that are derived (upon the primary elements of matter)--that are not
  19. States that are karmically acquired--that are not

    Section on Clinging

    69. States that are clinging--that are not
    70-74. (corresponding to 15-19)

    Section on Defilements

  1. States that are defilements--that are not
  2. States that are subject to defilements--that are not
  3. States that are defiled--that are not
  4. States that are associated with defilements--dissociated from defilements
  5. * States that are defilements and subject to them--that are not defilements, but are subject to them
  6. * States that are defilements and defiled--are not defilements, but defiled.
  7. * States that are defilements and associated with defilements--that are not defilements but associated with defilements
  8. * States, however, that are dissociated from defilements, may be either subject to defilements or not.

    Final Section

  9. States to be abandoned by understanding--not to be abandoned by understanding
  10. States to be abandoned by mental development--not to be abandoned by mental development
  11. States having roots to be abandoned by understanding--having no roots to be abandoned by understanding
  12. States having roots to be abandoned by mental development--having no roots to be abandoned by mental development
  13. States with thought-conception--without thought-conception
  14. States with discursive thinking--without discursive thinking
  15. States with rapture--without rapture
  16. States accompanied by rapture--not accompanied by rapture
  17. States accompanied by joy--not accompanied by joy
  18. States accompanied by equinimity--not accompanied by equinimity
  19. States belonging to the sense sphere--not belonging to it
  20. States belonging to the fine-material sphere--not belonging to it
  21. States belonging to the immaterial sphere--not belonging to it
  22. States included (in individual existence)--not included
  23. States leading out (of existence)--not leading out
  24. States with certainty (of results)--without certainty
  25. States that are surpassable--Not surpassable
  26. States with conflict--without conflict

    B. The Suttanta Matrix

  1. * States partaking of wisdom--partaking of ignorance
  2. * States comparable to lightning--comparable to the diamond
  3. * States of foolishness--of prudence (wisdom)
  4. * States that are dark--that are bright (defile the mind/purify the mind)
  5. * States causing remorse--causing no remorse
  6. States that are designations--within the range of designations
  7. States that are verbal expressions--within the range of verbal expressions
  8. States that are concepts--within the range of concepts (conventional designations/bases for...)
  9. Mentality and Corporality  [namarupa duka]
  10. * Ignorance and craving for (continued) existence
  11. * The false views of existence and non-existence
  12. * The false views of eternity and annihilation
  13. * The false views of finiteness and infinity
  14. * The false views of past and future
  15. * Shamelessness and unscrupulousness
  16. * Shame and scrupulousness
  17. * Inaccessibility to advice and keeping bad company
  18. * Accessibility to advice and keeping good company
  19. * Skill in (knowlege about) offences and rehabilitation
  20. * Skill in the absorbtions and in emerging from them
  21. * Skill in the (18) elements and in wise attention to them
  22. * Skill in the 12 sense-bases and in the Dependent Origination
  23. * Skill with regard to possibilities and impossibilities
  24. * Uprightness and gentleness
  25. * Patience and kindness
  26. * Friendliness and politeness
  27. * Heedlessness at the sense-doors and immoderation in eating
  28. * Heedfulness at the sense-doors and moderation in eating
  29. * Lack of mindfulness and clear comprehension
  30. * Mindfulness and clear comprehension
  31. * Power of reflections and Power of meditation
  32. * Tranquility and insight
  33. * The sign of tranquility and the sign of insight
  34. * Firmness and collectedness (endevour/ non-distraction)
  35. * Failure in morality and views
  36. * Success in morality and views
  37. * Purity in morality and views
  38. * Purity of views and the appropriate effort of him who holds right views
  39. * Being stirred on stirring occasions, and earnest effort of him who is not stirred
  40. * Not being contented with good achievements, and unfaltering effort
  41. * Wisdom and Liberation
  42. * Knowlege of cessation of defilements, and knowlege of (complete extinction) non-arising (of defilements)
© 2003 Hudson Cress. All rights reserved. No portion of this document may be used in any way without the explicit written consent of Hudson Cress. For more information, visit